Silage CoveringTapado de Silos

To keep the qualities of the chopped material inalterable, it is necessary to avoid oxygen entering the silo.

To achieve this, the silo should be covered immediately after it is finished and tightened correctly.

The ideal thing is to use 200 micron two-layered plastic canvas with treatment for ultraviolet rays over the ensiled forage and to weight it down with discarded tires, plastic pipes, large cans etc.

This prevents the covering from blowing away and oxygen from entering.

The canvas has to be in direct contact with the material because if the canvas flutters, oxygen gets in it is also necessary to prevent rain from entering the silo.

When the silo is left unprotected, there is a significant loss of ensiled material; rain water also has a negative effect on it since it dilutes the acids formed at the fermentation stage permitting the development of clostridia which brings about the appearance of micotoxins that have a negative impact on the production.

In an uncovered silo, it is common to see a plastered sector around it. The liquid forming this mud hole may be nutrients that were present in the ensiled forage but that rain washed away carrying them with it.

That is to say that the forage the animals will receive will have fewer than the necessary nutrients, all for not having been covered.

Para mantener inalterables por mucho tiempo las cualidades del material picado, es necesario cuidar que el oxígeno no ingrese al silo.

Para lograrlo, la manta debe colocarse inmediatamente después de que se termine de confeccionar el ensilado y debe sujetarse correctamente.

Es ideal utilizar lonas plásticas bicapas de 200 micrones con tratamientos para los rayos ultravioletas y colocarlas bajo una gran cantidad de cubiertas, bidones, caños plásticos, etc., para de este modo evitar que se vuelen e ingrese oxígeno.

Las lonas deben estar en contacto directo con el material, ya que si flamean hay presencia de oxígeno.También es necesario evitar la entrada de lluvia al silo. No sólo las pérdidas de material ensilado son importantes por no tapar, sino que, si ingresa agua de lluvia, esta diluirá los ácidos formados en el momento de la fermentación, permitiendo el desarrollo de clostridios, hecho que vuelve probable la existencia de micotoxinas, trayendo fuertes implicancias negativas en la producción.